Gastric Bypass surgery promotes weight loss by altering the way your stomach and small intestine digest the food you eat.
How It Works
Performed either through open surgery or laparoscopically, the surgeon uses staples to divide the stomach into two sections. The top, called the pouch, is about the size of a walnut, and can hold about 1 ounce of food.
With a reduction in the size of the stomach, you feel full on less food.
The surgeon connects a lower part of the small intestine, called the jejunum, to a small hole in the pouch. Following this procedure, food journeys from the pouch to the jejunum. This bypassing of part of the stomach and lower intestine reduces the amount of calories the body absorbs.
The hospital stay is generally three to five days.
The majority of patients are expected to lose around 75% of their excess body weight. Most patients with hypertension and/or non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus will no longer require medication. Also improved or eliminated are sleep apnea, joint and back pain, asthma, arthritis and shortness of breath.
Patients are also at a lower risk of high blood pressure, pulmonary disease, heart disease and many types of cancer.
Most of all is the improvement in self-image and overall quality of life.
Things You Should Consider
A liquid diet is required before and after the surgery to assist in the surgical and healing process.
With this procedure, vitamin and supplement intake is essential to long-term success.
As with any surgery, complications may arise. This will be discussed with your surgeon during the surgical consultation.
Keep in mind that this is a lifestyle choice you are making, not a quick fix.
It is important to remember that the Gastric Bypass procedure is an aid to support you in achieving lasting results by limiting food intake, reducing appetite and slowing digestion. However, for the ultimate success of the operation, it is very important that you play an active part in maintaining your ideal weight by adopting a different lifestyle and eating pattern for the rest of your life.