Everything you need to know about bariatric surgery
Bariatric surgery is a weight loss procedure for people suffering from obesity who haven’t had success losing weight through diet and exercise. In addition to helping with weight loss, bariatric surgery also lowers the risk of medical problems associated with obesity.
Common Types of Weight Loss Surgery in Dallas
Bariatric surgery is a procedure that makes surgical changes to the stomach and digestive system. There are two primary ways that this surgery helps with weight loss.
- Restriction: The surgery results in physically limiting the amount of food the stomach can hold. This, in turn, limits the amount of calories the body can consume.
- Malabsorption: The surgery shortens, or bypasses, part of the small intestine. This reduces the amount of calories and nutrients the body absorbs.
The four most common bariatric surgery procedures are:
- Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass: This is the most common out of all the bariatric surgery procedures. A small part of the stomach is used to create a new stomach pouch that’s about the size of an egg. This smaller stomach is directly connected to the middle portion of the small intestine, bypassing the rest of the stomach and the upper portion of the small intestine.
- Sleeve Gastrectomy: Removes about 80 percent of the stomach. The remaining stomach resembles a tubular pouch shaped like a banana.
- Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding: An inflatable band is placed around the upper portion of the stomach. This creates a small pouch above the band, with the rest of the stomach below the band.
- Duodenal Switch with Biliopancreatic Diversion (BPD/DS): This surgical procedure consists of two components. A smaller, tubular stomach pouch is created by removing a portion of the stomach (similar to sleeve gastronomy). Then, a large portion of the stomach is bypassed.
Qualifications for Bariatric Surgery
Although weight loss surgery is an option that many individuals choose to take, it is not for everyone. There are specific qualifications an individual must meet in order to be eligible for this type of surgery:
- Body mass index (BMI) is 40 or higher (extreme obesity) OR more than 100 pounds overweight
- BMI is 35 to 39.9 (obesity) AND a serious weight-related health problem exists (e.g. type II diabetes, hypertension, sleep apnea, heart disease)
- Efforts to achieve a healthy weight loss with diet and exercise have been unsuccessful
Additionally, some individuals with a BMI of 30 to 34 may qualify for certain types of weight loss surgery if they have serious weight-related health problems.
Bariatric Surgery Evaluations
As part of the bariatric surgery qualification process, each candidate is thoroughly examined to determine if weight loss surgery is the best option for their specific situation. This evaluation takes several factors into consideration, including:
- Nutrition and weight loss history
- Medical history
- Current medical condition
- Psychological status
A person’s level of motivation also plays a huge role in the long-term success of the surgery. Surgery in and of itself will not achieve lasting results. It is most successful in combination with the patient’s ability to make permanent changes in their lifestyle, particularly in their diet and exercise routines.
If weight loss surgery in Dallas is something you’re considering and you’d like to find out more, sign up for a free informational consultation today. Dr. Jay and the team at Dallas Bariatric Center will provide you with knowledgeable and compassionate support every step of the way throughout your weight loss journey.